Firstly, the environmental impacts of this industry are insignificant to the atmosphere and the general public. The key issue of soil erosion due to the extraction of mineral resources from the Eastern Costal belt is resolved with the replenishment of beach sand from the tidal waves and sea current from the deep sea. Further studies have ensured that the sand mining within Eastern coastal zones does not contribute to unacceptable levels of coastal/ soil erosion.
Secondly, the mineral processing plants located in Dambulla adhere to all safety standards stipulated by the Government Authorities. The waste sand is used for landfilling to reduce the impact on the environment and is also used in the construction industry. Possible issues that could arise from the mining and processing of mineral sands at the beaches and measures adopted to minimize the environmental impacts are outlined briefly below.